civitas

Alternativ: civitates

A civitas covered all free residents of an area, both Roman citizens and the peregrini. They were usually named after the local tribes, for example the civitas Mattiacorum centred at Acquae Mattiacorum/Weisbaden, or civitas Auderiensium centred at Dieburg. The curia, meeting hall of the decuriones was located in the forum. The decuriones were elected by the free men and named the duumviri, two men who headed the administration. In office for a period of two years, their main responsibility was the collection of taxes and dispensation of justice.