terra sigillata

Alternativ: samian ware

The antique term for fine, red pottery tableware with a glossy surface is not known. A differentiation is made between undecorated and decorated ware (relief, appliqé and barbotine decoration). Terra sigillata, or samian ware, was used for tableware, grinding bowls and vases. Production moved from Italy (Arretina, Padana) to the northwest provinces (Gaul, Rheinzabern, Westerndorf/Pfaffenhofen). The widespread distribution and the ability to order the terra sigillata chronologically provides archaeologists with a reliable means of dating finds.