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Germanic settlements following the end of the Main Limes

Archaeological features for the period 250 to 260 AD include burnt layers and the diminution of material remains from the population. The troops were withdrawn from the military installations at the Main and retreated to the Rhine. At the time of the barracks emperors, more and more troops in the eastern part of the empire were withdrawn - in 260 AD the Alamanni advanced into the province Germania superior.

After 260 AD coins have been found in some forts that indicate later occupation. Pottery finds, for example in Miltenberg and Bürgstadt, also point to possible settlements. The cave shrine in Greinburg was also used and coins were found in Wörth (Lüdemann 2007, 80).

In Stockstadt settlement traces from the 3rd/4th century were found to the north of the fort.. The dead were buried in graves in the southeast of the fort, on the berm of the abandoned graveyard system.

Settlement traces were also found in Seligenstadt and Großkrotzenburg, where the foundations of the fort's defensive walls were reused in the middle ages.

The graves of the 4th/5th century reveal that trade continued in the region: many grave-goods of late-antique production, such as fibulae, glass, and pottery, have been found. It is also assumed that many of the Germanic people had business relationships with the Romans.

Steidl 2008, 213ff.

4th century pottery, found in Seligenstadt
Germanic pot, found in Bürgstadt
1 4th century pottery, found in Seligenstadt © Landschaftsmuseum Seligenstadt 2 Germanic pot, found in Bürgstadt © Museum Bürgstadt

Bavarian State Conservation Office Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen & Bavarian State Archaeological Collection with the support of the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung