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The bath (Lat. balneum) was usually somewhat separated from the living area of an estate, a military installation, or a civil settlement and located near a stream or a spring.

Hypocausts, which were heated through an external praefurnium, did not heat all the rooms of the bath ("balineum"). First, the visitor took off his clothes in the entry ("apodyterium") and then moved into the "frigidarium" where he washed himself.The water temperature rose from the "tepidarium" (lukewarm, c. 25° C) to the "caldarium" (up to 45° C). Excavation finds include elements such as water bassins.

In many military sites the fort baths were located outside the military installations. A soldier's visit to a bath was precisely regulated and constitued the most important part of his free time. In addition to bodily cleansing and care, medical services were also offered. The baths thus contributed to an improvement in the visitor's overall health.

Literature:
Weber 1996. Steidl 2008, 174ff. "Badewesen", Limes-Lexikon 2009, 12.

Fort bath in front of the Saalburg
1
Fort bath in front of the Saalburg
2
Stockstadt fort bath, today in Nilkheimer Park
3
The doctor's care, Limitanei Taunensis
4
1 Fort bath in front of the Saalburg © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 2 Fort bath in front of the Saalburg © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 3 Stockstadt fort bath, today in Nilkheimer Park © Bayerisches Landesamt für Denkmalpflege, München 4 The doctor's care, Limitanei Taunensis © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat

Bavarian State Conservation Office Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen & Bavarian State Archaeological Collection with the support of the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung