World HeritageLimes MuseumsLimes TownsTopicsMapsMediaNewsContact

Military tile factory Großkrotzenburg

In the northeast of the fort at the crossing of Friedrichstraße 5 and Louisenstraße, near the Limes, there were several tile factories. Natural deposits and nearby ship transportation were an advantage for the manufacture of tiles.

In 193/194 AD the "cohors IIII Vindelicorum" established a large military tile factory to help meet the need in the province Germania caused by renovation programs and new construction, e.g. for Fort Niederbieber.

During its 10-20 years of operation an enormous amount of tiles was produced, primarily for the pillars of the hypocausts. Both civil and military settlements were served. Areas as far away as the Neuwieder Becken at the border of the province Germania inferior received deliveries, as did the Mainz region and the Wetterau. The tiles were transported on flat barges down the rivers Main, Rhine, Nidda, Nidder, and Wetter. The distribution of the tiles from Großkrotzenburg shows that the tributaries were also used for shipping.



Category: tile factory

several tile kilns (five were excavated).

Monument Protection: Yes - UNESCO World Heritage Site, 2005

Research: Thetile factories were first discovered in 1982/1983; the stamp of the "cohors IIII Vindelicorum" had been known much earlier than that, for example from the forts Niederbieber and Walldürn.

Baatz-Herrmann 1982, 327f. Jüngling 1983. Jüngling-Perzl 1983. Steidl 2008, 121ff.

Bavarian State Conservation Office Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen & Bavarian State Archaeological Collection with the support of the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung