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Fort Großkrotzenburg

Fort Großkrotzenberg is located at the northern shore of the Main, where the Limes (eastern Wetterau section southern portion) meets the river. In antiquity there was a tributary of the Main (today Altarm Schifflache) and large bog in the north.

The Roman bridge over the Main made it possible for troops to cross the river. The numerus fort Hainstadt was about 2 km downriver from Fort Großkrotzenburg, on the other shore. The numerus fort was disbanded after completion of Fort Großkrotzenburg.

The fort lies only 25m from the Limes. The eastern fort wall ran parallel to Steingasse. The fort is about 150m from the current Main shore, on a slightly raised terrace. Within the fort complex the gates, the layout of the surrounding walls and parts of the "principia" have been determined.

The "vicus" was located in the north and west of the 2.1 ha large fort. It extended up to 400m to the west. The Limes road ran here as well. There was a mithraeum at the edge of the settlement in the northwest. A cemetery was adjacent to the settlement. In the northeast of the fort there was a tile factory operated by the "cohors IV Vindelicorum" around the end of the 2nd century. In 211 AD the fort was under the dual command of the Seligenstadt prefects.

Chronology

Complex in the Limes section Marköbel-Großkrotzenburg around 100 AD. Cohort fort 119/120 AD; bridge construction around 134-138 AD. Medieval construction over the fort walls.

Monument

Category: fort, canabae / vicus, tile factory, mithraeum, Roman road, bath/baths, bridge, the Limes

Fort; beneficiarius station likely; "vicus"; mithraeum; fort bath; tile factories; roads; stone pillar bridge; Limes bank and ditch.

Current State: At the centre of Großkrotzenburg the groundplan of the fort can be clearly recognized. Kirchgasse approximates the path of the "via principalis". The gate at the museum has been conserved and made accessible to the public.

Monument Protection: Yes - UNESCO World Heritage Site, 2005

Presentation: Several information boards in the town.

Research: Due to the medieval construction above the Roman buildings, the site was not researched until the end of the 19th century, when the Hanauer Geschichtsverein conducted several examinations (G. Wolff). Construction activities continually brought new features to light.

Literature
ORL B, Bd. 2 Nr. 23. Wolff 1903. Großkrotzenburg, Fundberichte aus Hessen 2, 1962, 12ff. Baatz-Herrmann 1982, 325ff. Jüngling 1983. Jüngling-Perzl 1983. Schönberger 1985, 464f. D60. Bergmann 2001.

Links

Deutsche Limeskommission: Kastell
Großkrotzenburg

Aerial map Fort Großkrotzenburg
1
Southwestern corner of the fort on the grounds of the Großkrotzenburg museum
2
Southwest corner tower of the fort on the grounds of the Museum Großkrotzenburg
3
Wall of basalt quarry stones ("opus spicatum") at the southwest corner tower of the fort on the grounds of Museum Großkrotzenburg
4
"porta decumana" of the fort in front of Museum Großkrotzenburg, Breite Straße
5
Sign for the fort's "porta decumana" in front of the Großkrotzenburg museum
6
Southern gate of the fort, Großkrotzenburg
7
Information board at the southern fort gate, Großkrotzenburg
8
1 Aerial map Fort Großkrotzenburg © LVG, Bearbeitung M. Berger (ASM) 2 Southwestern corner of the fort on the grounds of the Großkrotzenburg museum © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat 3 Southwest corner tower of the fort on the grounds of the Museum Großkrotzenburg © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 4 Wall of basalt quarry stones ("opus spicatum") at the southwest corner tower of the fort on the grounds of Museum Großkrotzenburg © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 5 "porta decumana" of the fort in front of Museum Großkrotzenburg, Breite Straße © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 6 Sign for the fort's "porta decumana" in front of the Großkrotzenburg museum © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 7 Southern gate of the fort, Großkrotzenburg © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 8 Information board at the southern fort gate, Großkrotzenburg © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz

Bavarian State Conservation Office Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen & Bavarian State Archaeological Collection with the support of the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung