Fort Großkrotzenberg is located at the northern shore of the Main,
where the Limes (eastern Wetterau section southern portion) meets
the river. In antiquity there was a tributary of the Main (today
Altarm Schifflache) and large bog in the north.
The Roman bridge over the Main made it possible for troops to cross the river. The numerus fort Hainstadt was about 2 km downriver from Fort Großkrotzenburg, on the other shore. The numerus fort was disbanded after completion of Fort Großkrotzenburg.
The fort lies only 25m from the Limes. The eastern fort wall ran
parallel to Steingasse. The fort is about 150m from the current
Main shore, on a slightly raised terrace. Within the fort complex
the gates, the layout of the surrounding walls and parts of the
have been determined.
The "vicus" was located in the north and west of the 2.1 ha large fort. It extended up to 400m to the west. The Limes road ran here as well. There was a mithraeum at the edge of the settlement in the northwest. A cemetery was adjacent to the settlement. In the northeast of the fort there was a tile factory operated by the "cohors IV Vindelicorum" around the end of the 2nd century. In 211 AD the fort was under the dual command of the Seligenstadt prefects.
Complex in the Limes section Marköbel-Großkrotzenburg around 100 AD. Cohort fort 119/120 AD; bridge construction around 134-138 AD. Medieval construction over the fort walls.
Current State: At the centre of Großkrotzenburg the groundplan of the fort can be clearly recognized. Kirchgasse approximates the path of the "via principalis". The gate at the museum has been conserved and made accessible to the public.
Monument Protection: Yes - UNESCO World Heritage Site, 2005
Presentation: Several information boards in the town.
Research: Due to the medieval construction above the Roman buildings, the site was not researched until the end of the 19th century, when the Hanauer Geschichtsverein conducted several examinations (G. Wolff). Construction activities continually brought new features to light.
ORL B, Bd. 2 Nr. 23. Wolff 1903. Großkrotzenburg, Fundberichte aus Hessen 2, 1962, 12ff. Baatz-Herrmann 1982, 325ff. Jüngling 1983. Jüngling-Perzl 1983. Schönberger 1985, 464f. D60. Bergmann 2001.
Bavarian State Conservation Office – Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen & Bavarian State Archaeological Collection with the support of the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung