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Fort Seligenstadt

The fort was located north of the former Benedictine monastery, on the Altstadt terrace which was safe from floods.

The cohort fort, measuring c. 160m x 190m, was located in the centre of Seligenstadt. It spread out from Kleine Maingasse to Mohrmühlgasse, and from Große Fischergasse to the west of the Marktplatz.

The "cohors I civium Romanorum equitata" is mentioned in inscriptions. The cohort, which was partially a cavalry unit, was stationed around 100 AD in the province Germania Inferior. The fort bath was in the area of the current Main ferry dock. A cemetery was adjacent to the civilian settlement, e.g. in the area of the current Steinheimer Tor, the Evangelical church, and along Froschhäuser Straße.

The fort was enclosed on all three land sides by a "vicus".

Chronology

A wooden fort by theTrajan period, at the latest; a stone fort mid-2nd century.

Monument

Category: fort, bath/baths, canabae / vicus, cemetery, settlement layer

Earth-and-timber fort; stone fort c. 3.11ha; fort bath; "vicus"; graves from the early 3rd century AD. Waste pits with pottery and coins mid-4th century.

Current State: built over

Monument Protection: Yes - UNESCO World Heritage Site, 2005

Research: The fort bath was first discovered and excavated in 1819 and 1840/4. It was located below the Hans-Memling school, near the current ferry dock. Work on the canalisation system in 1937 brought several areas of the fort wall and ditch to light. This made it possible to reconstruct the fort. In 1975/76 E. Schallmayer excavated the area of the "principia".

Literature
ORL B, 3 Nr. 32. Fabricius 1914. W. Schleiermacher, Nundinenses, Germania 32, 1954, 326-328. Seligenstadt, Fundberichte aus Hessen 3, 1963, 139. Seligenstadt, Fundberichte aus Hessen 5/6, 1965/66, 118. O. Müller, Seligenstadt, Fundberichte aus Hessen 15, 1975, 564. Schallmayer 1979. Baatz-Herrmann 1982, 477ff. Schönberger 1985, 465 D 62. Schallmayer 1987. Sommer 1988, 692. Weber 2001. Kroemer 2001.

Links

Deutsche Limeskommission: Kastell Seligenstadt

Aerial map of Fort Seligenstadt
1
Große Fischergasse in Seligenstadt, eastern fort wall
2
Edge of the terrace at the Main, eastern front of the fort
3
View of the Main ferry dock, location of the fort bath
4
Marketplace in Seligenstadt, northwestern fort area
5
Kleine Maingasse in Seligenstadt, southeastern fort area
6
Kleine Maingasse 6, northwestern corner of Fort Seligenstadt
7
1 Aerial map of Fort Seligenstadt © LVG, Bearbeitung M. Berger (ASM) 2 Große Fischergasse in Seligenstadt, eastern fort wall © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat 3 Edge of the terrace at the Main, eastern front of the fort © Photo Eva Kuttner, Linz 4 View of the Main ferry dock, location of the fort bath © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat 5 Marketplace in Seligenstadt, northwestern fort area © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat 6 Kleine Maingasse in Seligenstadt, southeastern fort area © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat 7 Kleine Maingasse 6, northwestern corner of Fort Seligenstadt © Boundary Productions, Photo Eric Dobat

Bavarian State Conservation Office Landesstelle für die nichtstaatlichen Museen & Bavarian State Archaeological Collection with the support of the Bayerische Sparkassenstiftung